Thursday, 14 November 2019 14:22

    PP8 participated on K'liment's Days" conference

    Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski" – PP8 participated on K'liment's Days" conference, which was held in the Faculty of Biology on the 8-th of November, 2019.

     

    The scientific conference “Kliments Days” was held on 8-th November 2019 in the Faculty of
    Biology, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”. The organizers are the Faculty of Biology at Sofia
    University “St. Kliment Ohridski ”, Sofia University Research Fund, Sofia University Scientific
    Research Sector.
    A brief annotation of the two posters:
    Farmers’ education – an instrument for improving agriculture productivity and
    environmental sustainability: a case study from Blagoevgrad Region
    Authors: Silvena Boteva, Anelia Kenarova, Ivan Traykov, Valentin Bogoev, Hristina Bakardzhieva
    To develop a successful agricultural production scheme requires specialized knowledge and
    skills. Such abilities provide opportunities for farmers to identify their priorities, establish
    contacts with colleagues, researchers, companies and national authorities. However, the practice
    shows that farmers often rely on learning from their own experience or from close people and

    do not realize that, like any other business, its successful development is related to the transition
    of specialized training. The aim of the study was to identify the needs of specialized training for
    the farmers in Blagoevgrad region. A total of 248 farmers were interviewed by “Risk Analysis”
    Foundation using a questionnaire and the obtained results were statistically processed. The
    largest relative shares of the surveyed farmers were in the municipalities of Sandanski (14.9%),
    Razlog (12.1%), Blagoevgrad (11.7%), Simitli (10.1%) and Yakoruda (8.5%).The survey showed
    that farmers had no specific knowledge, connections or experience to support their agricultural
    activities. More information campaigns and training courses should be organized, which will
    lead to expanding and improving the quality of their production, hence increasing their
    competitiveness on the market.
    Soil microbiota as an indicator of soil quality and land use impacts in agroecosystems of
    Razlog Municipality
    Authors: Anelia Kenarova, Silvena Boteva, Ivan Traykov, Valentin Bogoev, Hristina Bakardzhieva
    There are numerous threats to the soil in Bulgaria, including in the South Western planning
    region of and Razlog Municipality. Agricultural soil is in danger of losing certain features of
    healthy soils as a result of the increased scale and intensification of the agricultural sector,
    especially since the introduction of the European Common Agriculture Practice (CAP) in
    Bulgaria. EU promotes in the most recent programming period (2014 – 2020) for “greening” in
    agriculture, and the CAP greening rules aim to ensure that agricultural development is
    sustainable and contributes to EU efforts to combat reduction of wild life diversity, climate
    changes, and deterioration of soil quality. The purpose of the study was to compare soil quality
    of crop- and grass- lands in the Municipality of Razlog in order to identify the best agriculture
    practice for mountainous and semi-mountainous regions like Razlog Municipality. It can be
    concluded that: 1) permanent grassland practice conserves soil and soil biota, which has an
    immediate impact on soil quality and functions; 2) practicing a non-tillage agriculture
    contributes to the conservation of soil humus, soil moisture, and creates a resting period for the
    reproduction and restoration of populations of agro-ecosystem-related plants and animals; 3)
    some of the used biological indicators (dehidrogenase activity (Dha), alkaline phosphatase
    activity (Al_pha), average well color development (AWCD) and community level physiological
    profile (CLPP)) were very indicative for the changes occurred in croplands under the impact of
    the long-term tillage regime, while other indicators (bacterial abundance (BA) and fungal
    abundance (FA), and acid phosphatase activity (Ac_pha)) were not highly sensitive to soil
    disturbance; 4) soil Dha and CLPP of soil microbiota are appropriate for evaluating the effects of
    agriculture practice on soil microorganisms – the main contributors of soil health.

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